Here's a checklist of the vaccines that are routinely offered to everyone in the UK free of charge on the NHS and the ages at which they should ideally be given.
If you're not sure whether you or your child have had all the routine vaccinations, ask at your GP surgery.
Surgery staff can arrange for you or your child to have any vaccines that have been missed and are still needed according to your or your child's age.
Try to have your vaccinations on time to make sure you and your child are protected.
If you're not going to be able to get to the GP surgery when a vaccination is due, talk to the surgery.
Rearrange the appointment for a time you can make with as little delay to the vaccination schedule as possible.
6-in-1 vaccine, a combined vaccine given as a single jab to protect against 6 separate diseases: diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough (pertussis), polio, Haemophilus influenzae type b (known as Hib, a bacterial infection that can cause severe pneumonia or meningitis in young children), and hepatitis B
6-in-1 vaccine, second dose
Rotavirus vaccine, second dose
6-in-1 vaccine, third dose
Pneumococcal (PCV) vaccine, second dose
MenB vaccine, second dose
Hib/MenC vaccine, a combined vaccine given as a single jab to protect against meningitis C (first dose) and Hib (fourth dose)
Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine, given as a single jab, first dose
Pneumococcal (PCV) vaccine, third dose
MenB vaccine, third dose
2 to 9 years (including children in reception class and school years 1 to 5)
Children's flu vaccine (annual)
3 years and 4 months
Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine, second dose
4-in-1 pre-school booster, a combined vaccine given as a single jab to boost protection against diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough (pertussis) and polio
12 to 13 years
HPV vaccine, 2 jabs given 6 to 24 months apart to protect against cancers caused by HPV viruses
3-in-1 teenage booster, a combined vaccine given as a single jab to boost protection against diphtheria, tetanus and polio
MenACWY vaccine, given as a single jab to protect against meningococcal groups A, C, W and Y
65 and over
Flu vaccine (every year)
Vaccines for special groups
There are some vaccines that are not routinely available to everyone on the NHS but are available for people who are in certain risk groups, such as:
- healthcare workers
- pregnant women
- people with health conditions that put them at increased risk of disease or complications
Additional vaccines for special groups include:
- flu jab for pregnant women
- whooping cough vaccine for pregnant women
- flu vaccine for people with long-term health conditions
- hepatitis B vaccination
- TB vaccination
- chickenpox vaccination
- MenACWY for first-time university entrants
There are some travel vaccines you should be able to have free on the NHS.
Other travel vaccines, such as yellow fever vaccination, are only available privately.